VA Expands Benefits for Air Force Personnel Exposed to
Contaminated C-123 Aircraft
WASHINGTON – The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) today published a new regulation that expands eligibility
for some benefits for a select group of Air Force Veterans and Air Force Reserve personnel who were exposed to the herbicide
Agent Orange through regular and repeated contact with contaminated C-123 aircraft that had been used in Vietnam as part of
Operation Ranch Hand (ORH).
VA published this regulation as an interim final rule so that it could immediately begin
providing benefits to eligible Air Force veterans and Air Force Reserve personnel who submit a disability compensation claim
for any of the 14 medical conditions that have been determined by VA to be related to exposure to Agent Orange.
Secretary of Veterans Affairs Robert A. McDonald made the decision to expand benefits
following receipt of a 2015 report by the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine (IOM) on Post-Vietnam Dioxin
Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft. This VA-requested report found evidence that as many as 1,500 to 2,100
Air Force and Air Force Reserve personnel who served as flight, medical and ground maintenance crew members on ORH C-123 aircraft
previously used to spray Agent Orange in Vietnam were exposed to the herbicide.
“Opening up eligibility for
this deserving group of Air Force veterans and reservists is the right thing to do,” said Secretary McDonald. “We
thank the IOM for its thorough review that provided the supporting evidence needed to ensure we can now fully compensate any
former crew member who develops an Agent Orange-related disability.”
Under this new rule, Air Force and
Air Force Reserve flight, medical and ground maintenance crewmembers who served on the contaminated ORH C-123s are presumed
to have been exposed to herbicides during their service, thus making it easier for them to establish entitlement for some
VA benefits if they develop an Agent Orange-related presumptive condition. In addition, for affected Air Force Reserve crew
members, VA will presume that their Agent Orange-related condition had its onset during their Reserve training. This change
ensures that these reservists are eligible for VA disability compensation and medical care for any Agent Orange-related presumptive
condition, and that their surviving dependents are eligible for dependency and indemnity compensation and burial benefits.
interim final rule can be found on the Federal Register: www.federalregister.gov/public-inspection. VA will immediately begin
processing claims and issuing benefits to eligible Air Force crew members.
VA encourages reservists who were
assigned to flight, ground or medical crew duties at Lockbourne/Rickenbacker Air Force Base in Ohio (906th and 907th Tactical Air
Groups or 355th and 356th Tactical Airlift Squadron), Westover Air Force Base in Massachusetts (731st Tactical Air Squadron and 74th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron)
or Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, International Airport ( 758th Airlift
Squadron) during the period 1969 to 1986, and developed an Agent Orange-related disability to file a disability compensation
claim online through the joint VA-Department of Defense web portal, eBenefits (https://www.ebenefits.va.gov/).
also has identified several active duty locations where ORH C-123 aircraft may have been used following their service in Vietnam.
Active duty personnel who served in a regular USAF unit location where a contaminated C-123 was assigned and who had regular
and repeated contact with the aircraft through flight, ground or medical duties during the period 1969 to 1986, and who develop
an Agent Orange-related disability, also are encouraged to apply for benefits. For more information on applying for these
benefits, including the affected units, Air Force Specialty Codes and dates of service for affected crew members, and a listing
of Agent Orange-related conditions, visit www.benefits.va.gov/compensation/agentorange-c123.asp.
In order to avoid unnecessary delay
of benefits, claimants should annotate “(C-123)” after each Agent Orange related disability in Part II, Block 14 of VA Form 21-526 or
Section I, Block 11
of VA Form VA Form 21-526EZ when filing on eBenefits. Example: Diabetes (C-123). If claimants have any of the
following documents, they should be attached to their application:
Discharge, separation papers, (DD214 or equivalent)
USAF Form 2096 (unit where assigned at the time of the training action)
USAF Form 5 (aircraft flight duties)
USAF Form 781
(aircraft maintenance duties)
Dependency records (marriage &
children's birth certificates)
Medical evidence (doctor &
VA will process
all claims related to C-123 exposure at the St. Paul, Minnesota, VA Regional Office. Claims not filed through eBenefits
should be mailed to the following address (or faxed to 608-373-6694):
Department of Veterans Affairs
Claims Intake Center
PO Box 5088
Janesville, WI 53547-5088
Individuals with specific benefit questions related to herbicide
exposure on C-123s may call VA’s special C-123 Hotline at 1-800-749-8387 (available 8 a.m. – 9 p.m. EST) or e-mail